Trading Hours of the World’s Major Stock Exchanges

Here is when the biggest stock exchanges around the world are open

Opening times for stock market exchanges vary, but they generally open every morning during the week—except on holidays. A stock market exchange is a marketplace where stocks are traded throughout the day; it functions as an entity that ensures orderly trading and efficient dissemination of price quotes for stocks on the exchange.

Trading is generally conducted from Monday to Friday each week; the Saudi Stock Exchange is an exception to this rule, as it is open from Sunday to Thursday. Additionally, a small number of exchanges temporarily close during their normal operating hours to allow for a lunch break. This is most commonly seen in Asia’s marketplaces, although the London Stock Exchange does also break for lunch, albeit for just two minutes.

Getting access to any of the following markets and exchanges would require a stockbroker. Investopedia’s list of the best online stock brokers can give you a great first look at some of the top brokers in the industry.

Key Takeaways

  • The largest stock exchanges are in North America, the NYSE being the largest.
  • Stock exchanges are generally open during normal business hours within that market's time zone.
  • Some of the exchanges close for lunch. However, none of the North American exchanges do.
  • Holidays can affect trading hours and should be considered as sometimes markets will be open for reduced hours instead of an outright closure.

Trading Hours on Holidays

Holidays affect trading hours differently based on different exchanges. Holidays are derived both from religious and political events and since each country has its own events, trading hours differ from country to country, exchange to exchange. For example, Independence Day in the United States is a day when the markets are closed. However, the German exchange does not celebrate American Independence, and their market is open (as long as it is a weekday during normal trading hours).

There is also the consideration that the market might not be closed the entire day. On Christmas Eve, the NYSE is open but only until 1 p.m. The best way to get the most up-to-date times for holiday closure is to visit the website of the exchange you will be trading on. For many, that will be the NYSE.

The World’s Major Stock Exchanges by Continent

Below are some of the largest stock exchanges on Earth by market cap, which have been further grouped by continent.

Trading Hours in the United States and North America

Trading in North America is generally based on Eastern timezone trading hours. The headquarters of the trading exchanges are in New York City, Toronto, and Mexico City. The westernmost time zone is Mexico City with the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV) trading within business hours of Central Standard Time (CST). However, even though the BMV trades on CST, the hours mirror those of the NYSE so, all things considered, trade is open during the same time frame.

Trading Hours in Asia

Trading hours in Asia are consistent between exchanges because unlike North America, there are many more exchanges in different countries and therefore synchrony between them is important for trade and liquidity. Some Asian markets, such as the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and Tokyo Stock Exchange (TYO), take a break for lunch.

Trading Hours in Europe

Europe, like Asia, is a grouping of many countries with individual exchanges. The London exchange is the only one that takes a break for lunch and is the largest, which is why oftentimes the other markets will take an unofficial lunch during London's break hours. Trading is still active but liquidity is narrowed. The largest stock exchange organization in Europe is Euronext, a pan-European exchange that operates exchanges in seven countries and has its headquarters in Amsterdam.

Trading Hours in South America

South American exchanges are not as heavily traded as those in North America. The largest exchange is in Brazil, in São Paulo. The exchange trades two hours ahead of the NYSE so although they are an independent exchange, much of their movement follows that of the NYSE once it opens for the day.

Trading Hours in Africa

The largest stock exchange in Africa is in South Africa in Johannesburg. Egypt, Nigeria, and Mauritius also have over 100 listings but are much smaller than the South African Exchange. The Johannesburg exchange is open 9-to-5 South African Standard Time (SAST), with no lunch break.

Trading Hours in Australia/Oceania

The Australian stock exchange, in Sydney, is roughly the same size as the South African exchange. There is no lunch break and the market opens later than most, at 10 a.m. local time.

What Is the Difference Between the Stock Market and a Stock Exchange?

A stock exchange is a marketplace or the infrastructure that facilitates equity trading. On the other hand, a stock market is an umbrella term representing all of the stocks that trade in a particular region or country. A stock market is often represented as an index or grouping of various stocks such as the S&P 500.

Which Major Stock Exchanges Are Closed During Lunch?

The major stock exchanges with an official lunch close are the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), Tokyo Stock Exchange (TYO), Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), Stock Exchange of Hong King (SEHK), and the London Stock Exchange (LSE).

What Times Are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq Stock Exchange Open?

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq are open the same hours, 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.. These are the exchange's normal operating hours and they can change, such as closing early on certain holidays and not opening at all on others.

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